Jorhat is often referred to as the Cultural Capital of Assam. It was originally formed by two markets or hats (Chowkihat and Macharhat), on the eastern and western banks of the river Bhogdoi. The place is one of the fastest growing cosmopolitan towns, having the highest number of educated residents in the state. The city of Jorhat was the last capital of the Ahom Dynasty. Earlier the capital of the dynasty was situated at Sibsagar. However, in the year 1794, the then reigning king of the Ahom Kingdom, Gaurinath, shifted the capital to Jorhat.
Jorhat was severely destroyed by the numerous Burmese invasions that took place in the year 1817. However, the arrival of British rule contributed to the reemergence of this historic town. Apart from the various commercial establishments, institutions and monasteries, Jorhat is also famous for its tea industry. The nerve center of the tea industry in Assam, Tocklai Research Association (TRA) is situated here. Located on the NH 37, Jorhat is well linked with Guwahati, Kaziranga, Sibsagar, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia and also with other states like North Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.
The largest river island in the world, Majuli is about 20 km from the city of Jorhat. The place also serves as the most visited pilgrimage place of Upper Assam. Besides this, the other attractions within and outside the city are the Lachit Borphukan Maidam, Dhekiakhowa Bar Namghar, Gymkhana Club, a number of mediaeval Monuments and several places of historical importance, like the Bangalpukhari, Thengal Bhawan, Kunwori pukhari and the Garh Ali. So, on your next trip to Assam, make sure to have Jorhat as a part of the itnerary.
The cultural capital of Assam, Jorhat boasts of a large number of tourist attractions within its bounds. Such is the allure of these attractions that they draw tourists from not only Assam, but also various parts of India as well as abroad. Then, there are a number of tourist places that are situated at some distance from the city of Jorhat, often termed as excursions.
Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary
Since its establishment in the year 1997, Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary has been playing a major role in the research and conservation of the primate community of the animal kingdom. The sanctuary is situated at an approximate distance of 19 km from the city of Jorhat and covers a total area of about 20.98 sq km.
How to Reach Jorhat
Jorhat is an important tourist destination of Assam. This ancient capital of the Ahom Dynasty, it is one of the best laid places in Upper Assam, cutting at right angles. The place has always been one of the most vibrant regions of the state, exhibiting a perfect blend of tradition and modernity.
Jorhat is regarded as the nerve center of the tea industry of India. During the 1860s and 1870s, the entire city was gradually dotted with a number of tea gardens. Due to the dull and lonely life at the plantation sites, the planters decided to set up a club in the area.
Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is situated on the banks of the river Brahmaputra, in the northeast state of Assam. Covering a total area of about 430 sq km, it is one of the most famous tourist attractions of the state. The history of the park can be traced back to the era when Mary Victoria Leiter Curzon, the wife of Viceroy of India Lord Curzon, visited the place, in the year 1904.
Jorhat Tourist Attractions
There are a number of tourist attractions in Jorhat, which are a must visit for the travelers coming to the city. For instance, there is Cinnamora Tea Estate, the first tea garden established in Assam, by Maniram Devan (in 1850 AD). Then, there is Purnananda Buragohain Maidam, located on the banks of the Sessa River
If you are visiting Jorhat for the first time and wondering about the weather and climate of the place, leave all your worries aside. The city enjoys a moderate climate throughout the year. The month of November is especially pleasant and is regarded as the best time to visit the place.