Area: 50,362 sq km
Location: Northwest part of India
Latitude: 29"30’N - 32"32’N
Longitude: 73"55’E - 76"50’E
Punjab, the land of five rivers, is located at the northwest end of India. It marks a clear demarcation of India from the neighboring country of Pakistan. The state stands surrounded by Pakistan on its west, Jammu and Kashmir on its north, Himachal Pradesh on its northeast, Haryana on its southeast and Rajasthan on its southwest. Punjab has a total area of 50,362 square kilometers, which is around 1.54% of the total geographical area of the country. It is located between 29"30’N to 32"32’N latitude and 73"55’E to 76"50’E longitude.
Punjab is a highly fertile land, owing to the five main rivers flowing through it. The important rivers that contribute to making Punjab an alluvial plain are Beas, Chenab, Sutlej, Ravi, and Jhelum, along with their tributaries. Though the majority of the landscape in Punjab is highly fertile, the south-east region has semi-arid and desert features as well. A belt of undulating hills extends along the north-eastern part of the state. In short, the state of Punjab presents an enchanting sight of the blending of varied geographical features.