Garhmukteshwar is situated on the National Highways 24 joining New Delhi with Kolkata. The town is situated 100 odd Kilometers from the New Delhi and is the closest point from the capital where river Ganges flow.
Garhmukteshwa is a place of hoary antiquity. The place has been
mentioned generously in Bhagvat Purana and the Mahabharata.
Garhmukteshwar is believed to be the part of the then city of
Hastinapur, the capital city of Kaurvas. Kaurvas were one of the
protagonists of the famous Indian Epic Mahabharata.
The place once boasted off a very ancient fort that is said to be built
by later Pandavas, brothers of Kaurvas. A Maratha general Mir Bhawan
repaired this fort during the Anglo-Maratha war. It is said that the
Fort was in so good a condition when the British took possession of the
place that it was found possible to locate the District Administration
in it without incurring much expense on alteration. Sadly, not much
remains of that Fort now and one can only trace some ruins that hardly
signify the much-talked glory.
The name of the place is derived from the great temple of Mukteshwar
Mahadeva. The temple was dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Ganga.
Ganges is worshipped here in as many as four different temples. These
temples are situated on the cliff overlooking Ganges and below it. One
of them is situated alongside Meerut road. The place is famous for its
80 Sati Pillars. These pillars mark the spots where Hindu widows are
said to have committed sati. The town also boasts off a mosque built by
Gays-ud-din Balban that bears an inscription in Arabic dating 682 Hijri
or 1283 A.D.
Garhmukteshwaris also famous for its bathing fair that takes place on
the Full Moon Day of the month of Kartik. About 6 Lacks persons, from
far and near, come to have a dip in the river Ganga that they consider
to be holy. Another fair, held on the occasion of Dussehra, attracts
about around 50,000 devotees.