Aurangabad is one of the 38 districts in Bihar, with a city of the same name. The beautiful city boasts of a unique culture and identity. The Magadhi-speaking people that are settled here have largely taken up agriculture and related activities as their occupation. Aurangabad city offers a host of tourist attractions to its visitors, ranging from historical places to temples. It boasts of a vibrant history and holds the distinction of being a part of one of the largest and strongest empires in ancient India - Magadha.
The region of Magadha comprised of a vast empire in the ancient period, dating from 600 to 250 BC. Apart from India, the boundaries of this region were spread across parts of Burma, Pakistan, Indonesia, Sri Lanka & Bangladesh. Aurangabad was also ruled by Bimbisar and Ajatshatru. Later on, Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka ruled the region. After a period, Rajputana came here to settle down. All these rulers have left their mark on the city.
Previously a part of the Gaya district, Aurangabad is now an independent district of Bihar. The city of played a significant role in the freedom struggle of India as well. Its valuable contribution was in the form of the great Gandhian - Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha - who had a close association with Mahatma Gandhi and worked with Dr. Rajendra Prasad (the first President of India) as well. He encouraged the cause of freedom in Bihar and also led the Satyagraha movement in the state.
Apart from contributing towards the freedom struggle of India, Aurangabad holds a traditional significance as well. The renowned Ayurvedic product, Chyawanprash, derives its name from ‘Chyawan Aashram’ near Devkund village of Haspura block, in Aurangabad district, where Saint Chyawan spent his life. Another significant place in the district is Obra, a small town located 16 km away from Aurangabad city.
Obra is well known for the production of Kaleen (carpets). The tradition of weaving beautiful and unique carpets in the town dates back to 15th century. Set up near Koriepur village, the Kaleen Udyog is currently managed by the state government. Then, there is Burha, 3 kms to the east of Aurangabad, a location known for a number of historical sites in which "Chaityas" and large "Viharas" (Buddhist monasteries) once stood.
Places To See in Aurangabad
Aurangabad district in Bihar is home to myriad tourist attractions. Magnificent temples, historical places and Islamic pilgrimage centers are located in the district. Excellent connectivity via road and efficient means of local transport has boosted up tourism in Aurangabad.