Orissa presents a true picture of modern times co-existing with rustic lifestyle. On one hand we have a developed urban city that has tall buildings, fast life and all amenities. On the other hand we see a stark contrast in the form of the tribal culture of Orissa. This vibrant and colorful side is making its mark in urban lifestyle as well in the form of enthusiastic folk dances, songs, art & craft, poems and tattoos.
The tribal culture of Orissa has acclimatized itself to many Hindu
traditions of India. It has mixed those customs with its traditional
practices and has given birth to an entirely new cultural lifestyle
amongst the tribes. The main features of their culture are the vibrant
songs and dances. Any occasion, be it a birth, death or marriage, has an
elaborate song and dance performance. This is what adds happiness and
liveliness in their harsh lives.
The tribal people of Orissa are strong, industrious and very hospitable
in nature. They usually don't intermingle with outsiders, since
they are not too advanced and are quite shy. The men folk are engaged in
activities like agriculture, hunting and fishing to earn a living. The
tribal people live a life without any luxuries that the urban city
provides and yet are content with it. The tribal culture is very simple
and portrays a subtle side of Orissa.
The dressing and attire is very simple and sometimes borders around the
bare minimum. Men usually wrap a piece of cloth around their waist and
women wear long pieces of cloth wrapped around their body. Ornaments are
an integral part of their attire and one finds tribal women adorned with
armlets, bangles, necklaces, anklets, rings, etc. Both men and women
like to tattoo their bodies and children as young as 5 years are found
with tattoo marks on their bodies and faces.
The tribal culture of Orissa is also abundant is the celebration of
festivals. Being God-fearing people, they worship numerous deities for
their well-being. The festivals are celebrated with much excitement and
happiness and the traditional rituals are closely followed in order to
please the Gods. The most important festivals are Chaita Parab and Push
Parab when the men folk go on hunting expeditions. The different customs
and lifestyle is what makes the tribal culture truly distinctive and