Fort Cochin is a small community in itself. Since it is a natural harbor and one of the most important trade centers in south of India, Kochi fort of Kerala is one of the most important towns in the state. The Europeans have left a major impact on the culture and traditional heritage of Cochin. One can see a unique blend of European, Dutch and Portugal lifestyle in fort of Cochin. That is because European, Dutch and Portuguese rulers occupied Cochin for many years due to which Cochin has a modern temperament. The fact that Cochin has managed to retain its traditional background is applaudable.
In pre-colonial Kerala, Kochi was just an insignificant fishing
village. The Maharaja of Cochin granted this territory (now known as
Fort Kochi) later to the Portuguese in 1503. The Portuguese built a fort
around the waterfront to protect their premises and that is how Cochin
Fort got its name. This fort was called Fort Emmanuel and was later
destroyed by Dutch.
The Portuguese later built a wooden church in 1516, which is now the
oldest existing church in Kerala. It is now known as St. Francis Church.
The Portuguese ruled for almost 160 years before the Dutch came and
plundered the territory from the Portuguese and ruled Fort Kochi for
almost 112 years before being defeated by the British who came to rule
India. After 400 years of British rule, Cochin finally became
independent when India became independent.
Today, this beautiful city is independent and fast growing as a major
commercial center of Kerala and is an important trade center in India.
Fort Cochin is known as the "Queen of Arabian Sea" in tourist
literature. One of the most metropolitan cities of Kerala, Cochin is a
must see for all those who want to experience modernization with a hint
of traditional style.