Fatehpur Sikri was commissioned by Emperor Akbar to act as his imperial capital along with the Red Fort of Agra. Fatehpur Sikri Fort was commissioned in the year 1570 and was completed in 5 years. While the Agra fort acted as a military base and garrison, Fatehpur Sikri fort was used for the residence purpose. Therefore it is but natural that the Sikri Fort has cluster of buildings that were used for different purposes as in case of Delhi and Agra's Red Forts. Following are some of the most important buildings of the Fatehpur Sikri Fort Complex.
Private Living Quarter
Private living quarters are situated at the southern end of courtyard.
They are architecturally centered on the pool known as Anup Talab. It
houses the famous library of Emperor, which was a seat for the
philosophical and intellectual discourses. Close by is the Royal Archive
called Daftarkhana. This was used to store all the official records of
the empire. Above the Daftarkhana lies 'Khwabgah' or royal bedroom.
Water channels were reportedly used to cool the whole space.
Miriam Palace is actually women's quarter also called Zanana or Harem
in Hindustani. Miriam Palace lies east of the Male quarters. A small
doorway joins the male quarter with the female one. The palace has been
named after one Miriam of the then Goa who was one of the wives of
Emperor Akbar. The interiors of the Miriam Palace were richly
embellished with gold.
Jodhabai' s Palace
Jodhabai' s Palace is the largest of all the palaces in Fatehpur Sikri.
This was named after Jodhabai, Akbar' s favorite wife and mother of his
heir Salim. This palace was specially made to house his queens. The
Architectural elements of Gujarat, Mandu and Gwalior have been blended
with traditional Islamic designs to decorate this palace.
Diwan-e-Aam is the first enclosure of the palace from the entrance.
Divan-e-Aam is actually a vast courtyard that was used by Emperor Akbar
for the daily public audience called 'Jharokha' in Hindustani. It was
also used to dispense justice.
Diwan-e-Aam gives access to the second enclosure that is called
Divan-e-Khas. This is undoubtedly the finest building in the entire
Fatehpur Sikri. The hall was used for the private audiences and other
court activities. Divan-e-Khas is a magnificent chamber that is
dominated by a massive carved pillar. It supports a capital that in
turns support a balcony.