Since the city of Delhi has served as the capital of many empires, several forts were built over a period of time. However, most of the forts in Delhi were constructed during the rule of the Mughals over the city. These strong citadels were constructed both for the purpose of defense as well as residence. Forts of New Delhi boast of splendid architecture and are aesthetically magnificent. Following is a list of the famous forts in Delhi, the capital of India:
The Red Fort of Delhi is a massive monument built by the Mughal Emperor
Shah Jahan. It took approximately 10 years to complete the Red Fort of
Delhi that was started in the year 1638. Situated on the embankment of
river Yamuna, the fort was constructed during the zenith of Mughal
Empire. The Red fort was supposed to be the fortress of the Shah Jahan's
new capital at Delhi, Shahjahanabad. Today, the Red fort serves as the
venue for the Prime Minister's Speech that is given on the Independence
Day of the country.
Old Fort of Delhi is believed to be situated on the same site where the
city of Indraprastha once stood. As per the great Indian epic
Mahabharta, Indraprastha was the capital city of the Pandavas. Now
standing mostly in ruins, the Old Fort of Delhi once served as the seat
of administration of a number of glorious emperors. Emperor Sher Shah
Suri got the fort constructed after he demolished Humayun's city,
Dinpanah. Also known as the Purana Quila, the Old fort is more or less
rectangular in shape, with a course of nearly two km. The legend has it
that Sher Shah could not complete the construction of Purana Quila
during is lifetime.
Tughlaqabad Fort, perched on a rocky hill, constitutes one third of the
capital city of India. The fort is located on the Qutab-Badarpur Road
and was built by Ghiyas-ud-Din Tughlaq, the founder of the Tughlaq
dynasty. The Tuglaqabad Fort seems to be more or less octagonal, with a
border of approximately 6.5-km. The ramparts of the fort, now in ruins,
are between 10m to 15m high with fortresses and gateways at intervals.
The Tughlakhabad at Delhi was built to serve a dual purpose, one of
providing a defensive structure to the ruler and the second, to serve as
his imposing capital.