Maharashtra is one of the geographically most diverse states in India and this diversity is the best reflected in its people and culture. The people of the state are an amalgamation of different cultures, traditions, religions, etc. You will find Hindus, Muslims, Jews, Buddhist, Zoroastrians, Christians and Sikhs, co-existing peacefully in the state. Just like the rest of India, the people of Maharashtra are also very hospitable and believe in the adage 'Atithi Devo Bhava'.
Though one can find a pronounced Hindu flavor in the culture of
Maharashtra, the state has always managed to maintain a secular nature.
If there are numerous temples in the state, there are also a number of
Jewish synagogues n Mumbai, Pune, Alibag, Pen, Thane and Revdanda. One
can see a large number of mosques, churches and even Zoroastrian fire
temples here, all adding to the multi-cultural identity of the state.
Tribal People of Maharashtra
The Deccan plateau of Maharashtra comprises primarily of the tribal
groups, with the main ones being Bhils, Mahadeo Kolis, Gonds and Warlis.
As you move towards the northwestern coast of the state, you will find
the Warlis leading simple lives and worshipping Mother Nature. The
people belonging to Warli tribe believe that the destructions and death
faced by human beings is because of the disrespect they have shown to
They worship the Goddess of Creative Energy, the Corn Goddess and the
Goddess of Trees and Plants, to appease the Mother Nature. This tribe
basically belongs to the foothills of the Sahyadris. They are found
inhabiting the Thane district and can be seen living in a small cluster
of huts known as padas. They are basically houses that have a single
door and no windows. Even the tribal community of Gonds has a noticeable
presence in Maharashtra.
They are found to be spread in the forested areas of the state, along
with those in Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. These people
speak the Dravidian language of Gondi and have very typical customs.
However, one can see the youth of the community acquiring the dominant
language of their regions. Still, the tribal people have managed to
retain their native lifestyle and do not seem to have been much
influenced by the vagaries of time.