Referred in the great Sanskrit epics, Andhra Pradesh traces its history and origin back to the 5th century BC. As stated by the inscriptions, Kuberaka had a kingdom in the coastal Andhra during that period. Perhaps, this kingdom is known to be oldest one in South India. In the 4th century BC, the Mauryans extended their kingdom to rule over Andhra Pradesh. The Mauryan Empire was declined when Andhra Satavahanas arrived on the scene in the 3rd century BC.
With the fall of Satavahanas in 220 CE, Andhra was ruled by Ikshvakus,
Pallavas, Vishnukundinas, Anandagotrikas and Cholas. During the rule of
Renati Cholas, in 5th century CE, Telugu emerged as a popular medium of
communication. In the reigning period of Vishnukundina Kings, Telugu was
accredited to be the official language of the state. By the 12th and
13th centuries CE, Chalukyan influence was undermined with the incursion
of Kakatiya dynasty.
In 1323 CE, Ghiaz-ud-din Tughlaq captured Warangal, with the assistance
of Ulugh Khan. Once again, Warangal came under the control of Musunuri
Nayaks, who ruled it for over 50 years. Alla-ud-din Hasan Gangu
established an independent Muslim state (Bahmani kingdom) in 1347 CE to
revolt against the Delhi Sultanate. For about 200 years, the Qutb Shahi
dynasty ruled over the Andhra kingdom.
The Northern Circars became element of the British Madras Presidency in
colonial India. Soon after the surrender of five territories to the
British by the Nizam, a region emerged by the name of Rayalaseema. The
Nizams still controlled the princely state of Hyderabad. In 1947, India
became free from the clutches of the British. The Muslim Nizam of
Hyderabad preferred to be independent from India; however Hyderabad was
enforced to become part of the Republic of India in 1948.
After much disagreement and civil unrest, the Government was forced to
proclaim the configuration of a new state for Telugu speakers. In
October 1953, Andhra managed to get the status of state. By November
1956, Andhra State was combined with the 'Telangana region' of Hyderabad
State to shape Andhra Pradesh, the state of Telugu-speakers. Eventually,
Hyderabad (the earlier capital of Hyderabad State) was declared to be
capital of Andhra Pradesh.