The valley of Ladakh is situated at quite a high altitude, which varies from one place to the other. Infact, the geographical location of Ladakh ranges from 9,000 ft (2,750 m) high at Kargil to 25,170 ft (7,672m) high at Saser Kangri, in the Karakoram Range. Due to its high altitude, Ladakh experiences a very cold climate, where even the summer temperatures rarely exceed 27 deg C. Due to the high altitude of Ladakh the air is very thin and makes the heat of the sun very severe.
As far as the geography of Leh Ladakh is concerned, the region abounds
in physical beauty. Encircled by the Karakoram in the north and the
Great Himalayas in the south, it presents a picturesque sight. Now a
high-altitude desert, Ladakh was covered by an extensive lake system, at
one point of time. The remnants of this system are still found on its
southeast plateau of Rupshu and Chushul, in the drainage basins or lakes
of Tso-moriri, Tso-kar and Pangong-tso. However, snowfall still remains
the main source of water in Ladakh.