Barsana is a village that is located 45 kilometers from the downtown Mathura. Typical of villages in Braj, Barsana too is connected to Lord Krishna and his times. Barsana that is surrounded by hills from four sides is actually the birthplace of Radha, the consort of Krishna whom he never married. The place was earlier named Brahmsarin. The myth goes that Brahma asked Krishna to spend time on the earth. Krishna asked Brahma to take the form of hill. The four hills are said to represent the four heads of Brahma. Hence Brahma and Sarin (head) form this name.
All the hills have temples dedicated to Lord Krishna and Radha. The
most famous among these is the Ladli Ji ka Mandir. Radha is lovingly
called Ladli Ji in Barsana. There is a seven-kilometer circumambulating
road round these hills. The village also boasts of a tank named Prem
Sarovar that is believed to be the first meeting place of Lord Krishna
and Radha. Another pond called Pila Pokhra is also there. Pila means
yellow and Pokhra means pond in Hindi. It is said that the water of the
pond turned yellowish when Radha dipped her hand in it, as Radha was
golden in hue.
Barsana is also famous for its Holi celebrations. A very special type
of Holi called Lathmaar Holi is played here between the residents of
Nandgaon and Barsana. It this Holi, womenfolk of Barsana beat men of
Nandgaon with wooden sticks and the later have to defend themselves. Do
catch this event as nowhere in India will you find Holi so colorful.