It was decided in the Delhi Durbar of 1911 that the capital of India would be shifted from Calcutta to Delhi. Thus was born the city of Delhi, designed by the great architect Edwin Lutyens, along with Herbert Baker. It took approximately 20 years and 15 million pounds to build New Delhi. Built as the Viceral Lodge, Delhi Rashtrapati Bhawan comprises of four floors and 340 rooms. Now known as the President House of New Delhi, it is spread over an area of approximately 200,000-sq-feet. It took 18 years to construct this building and on the on the 18th year of its completion, India became independent.
The Jaipur Column, a gift from the Maharaja of Jaipur, stands at a
height of 145 m in the middle of the main court in front of the
Rashtrapati Bhavan. Another one of the impressive features of the Delhi
Rashtrapati Bhawan comprises of the outstandingly beautiful Mughal
Gardens. Then, at the base of the building, is a spacious square, known
as the Vijay Chowk. The massive neo-Buddhist copper dome of the
President House of New Delhi is splendid and can be seen even from a
distance of a kilometer. Underneath this fabulous dome is the circular
Durbar Hall, housing the Viceroy's throne, measuring almost 22.8 m in
diameter. Before the National Museum was completed, it served as a
museum for a number of years. All the official ceremonies such as the
swearing in of the Prime Minister, the Cabinet and the Members of
Parliament, etc., take place in this hall only. Also, the Arjuna Awards
for Excellence are awarded by the President from here itself. On the
ground floor of the Rashtrapati Bhavan are a number of state apartments.
Then, there is the State Drawing Room, State Ballroom, State Dining Room
and a number of other such rooms inside the building. The Delhi
Rashtrapati Bhawan consists of 54 bedrooms, along with additional
accommodation for guests.