Amber fort, Jaipur is situated approximately 11 km from the city of Jaipur. It was the citadel of the Kachhawa rulers of Amber, before the capital was shifted to present day Jaipur. A blend of Hindu and Mughal architecture, Amer fort offers a visual treat to the eyes. Raja Man Singh I got the fort constructed in 1592. However, Sawai Jai Singh did the completion work for the fort. The fort contained all the necessities and luxuries required by the royalty as well as the other people living inside.
Made up of red sand stone and white marble, the Jaipur Amber fort
palace presents a picturesque site. Covering the interior walls of the
palace are painting scenes with carvings, precious stones and mirror
settings. The Maota Lake, in the foreground of the court, offers an
amazing sight. There are four sections in the Amber fort. Leading up to
the palace is the main stairway situated in Jaleb Chowk, the main
courtyard. Jaleb Chowk also served as the area for welcoming the armies
returning after winning. The main gate that leads to the Jaleb Chowk is
known as Surajpol
Other attractions of the Amer palace of Rajasthan include:
Shila Devi Temple
Just before the entrance to the fort, on the right side, is a staircase
leading up to the Shila Devi Temple. It is dedicated to Goddess Kali.
The temple is very famous for its huge silver loins and silver doors. On
the doorway of the temple, is an image of Lord Ganesha, carved from a
single piece of coral.
In the second courtyard of the fort, is situated the Diwan-e-aam, hall
of public audience. In this hall, the king received his subjects and
listened to their problems. The hall has a lattice gallery and pavilion
having elephant shaped columns
Behind the exquisite Ganesh Pol, a gate, are the residential apartments
of the Maharaja. Amongst them, is the Jai Mandir, the hall of victory.
It is known for its inlaid panel and dazzling mirror ceiling.
Sukh Niwas was the pleasurable residence of the Maharaja. For the
purpose of cooling the palace, a channel for water flow was laid in the
palace. The palace also has an ivory inlaid sandalwood door.
The fourth courtyard houses Zenana, the palace of the women. A common
corridor connects all the rooms of the palace. This was done to provide
privacy to the Maharaja while visiting his Queens.