Tamil Nadu is home to more than 30,000 temples and is aptly called "the land of temples". The rulers of various dynasties constructed these temples over centuries. Tamilnadu is the land where Dravidian style of temple architecture manifested itself in a grand and magnificent way. Vimanas (storeys) and Gopurams (towering gateways to the temple complex) best characterize the temples of Tamilnadu. You will be amazed to see that most of these temples bear a superficial architectural resemblance with each other as they share the similar physical features- Gopurams (the imposing tower over the entrance, from all four directions) and the Vimana (the tower over the sanctum). It is interesting to note that the temples of South India were not merely a place of worship but a large part of social and cultural life of the people revolved around them.
The temple architecture in Tamilnadu grew with innovation and
experiments. The rule of the Pallavas, Pandyas, Cholas, Vijayanagar
rulers and the Nayakas saw the construction of a number of magnificent
temples. Thousands of temples, with rising towers that touch the skyline
of Tamil Nadu, were constructed during the reign of the above-mentioned
empires. These temples demonstrate that the Tamils have been the most
innovative temple builders. This fact is very well evident in the
temples from the pre Christian era as well as those from the 20th
century. The spectacular architecture of these temples inspires awe and
amazes the onlookers.
Most of the ancient temples of Tamilnadu were constructed in brick and
mortar. However, by the 7th century AD a unique style of temple
construction emerged when temples were hewn out of caves. The rule of
the Pallavas saw (up to 900 AD) building of temples of stone. The Cholas
(900 -1250 AD) were great temple builders and they have a number of
magnificent and spectacular to their credit. The Brihadeeswarar temple
in Thanjavur, built by Raj Raja I, is a tribute to the Chola rulers. The
Chola rulers added many ornate mandpams (halls) to temples and built
large gopurams (towers). Subsequently, the Pandya Style (Up to 1350 AD)
saw the emergence of the temple architecture with huge towers, high wall
enclosures and massive gateways. The Vijayanagar rulers also made
significant contribution to the temple architecture. They are known more
for the intricacy and decorated monolithic pillars.
As you travel across the state of Tamilnadu, you will be awestruck and
amazed to see the intricately carved designs and the splendid
architecture of the temples spread over the length and breadth of the
The temple architecture reached its zenith during the rule of the Chola
rulers. Thanjavur, being the capital of the Chola rulers, witnessed most
of the architectural activities.
The Brihadeswara temple is one of the most ancient and the most
celebrated Hindu temple in the world. The temple is located in the city
of Thanjavur that is also known as Tanjore, in the Indian province of
Kanchipuram is a pilgrimage city. A former Pallava capital (7th - 9th
century), Kanchipuram is filled with temples dating from the 8th - 17th
Kanyakumari forms the southern most end of mainland India. It is also
the place where the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean
Mahabalipuram is a temple town that is situated along the Coromandel
Coast 55 kilometers off Chennai, the capital of Tamilnadu. The place is
famous for its Ratha temples that are a part of the famous shore temple
The Meenakshi temple complex is one of the largest in India. The
presiding deity at the Meenakshi temple at Madurai, the Athens of South
India, is Goddess Meenakshi. The nucleus of the temple is older than the
The Murugan temple at Tirupporur is one of the major temples dedicated
to Lord Muruga in Tamilnadu. The Murugan temple is situated at a
distance of about 45 Km from Chennai.
The Ramanathaswamy Temple is one of the most sacred shrines of the
Hindus in India. The Jyotirlingam at the Ramanathaswamy temple is the
southernmost of the 12 Jyotirlingams of India.