Andhra Pradesh has a rich culture of arts and crafts, which appear all the more appealing in its paintings. This fascinating form of art is an age-old tradition of the state. These paintings employ the excellent workmanship and dexterity of skilled artists. The traditional art of painting exercises natural colors on the canvass. Some of the prominent paintings of Andhra are Cherial, Kalamkari and Nirmal paintings. Another feature about these paintings is that they usually depict mythological themes and characters. Sometimes, the beauty of nature is also portrayed in these paintings. Scroll below for information about the popular paintings of Andhra Pradesh.
Cherial folk painting is a beautiful work of art, expressing the
narrative format by the means of rich color scheme. These paintings are
based on the themes from the great epics. Employing traditional
techniques, Cherial paintings are created on cloth that might run to
meters in length. 'Kaki padagollu' is the main community that uses these
paintings, as a visual aid to recite tales from 'Ramayana' and
'Mahabharata'. In the present day, artists also make Cherial paintings
or scroll paintings in smaller sizes on cloth, cardboard, plywood and
Nirmal paintings depict a wide range of expressions through subtle use
of numerous colors. The expressions in these paintings appear real and
sparkling. Nirmal is actually a place in Adilabad district and these
paintings were named after the place of their origin. Initially, this
work of art was exclusively practiced by a group of artisans known as
'Nagash'. In the 14th century, the 'Mughal' rulers patronized this art
since they were mesmerized with its charm. Nirmal paintings are based on
various themes, suggesting sharp influence from Indian schools including
Kangra, Ajanta and Moghul miniatures.
Kalamkari is the unique art of painting fabrics with a 'kalam' (pen).
Actually, this 'kalam' is no ordinary pen but a sharp pointed pierced
bamboo that regulates flow of color on the fabric. The attractive blend
of colors on the fabrics usually portrays characters from the Indian
mythology. During the 17th and the 18th centuries, the art of Kalamkari
was popularized to such an extent that it went across the shores of
India. Kalamkari is still very much prevalent in Kalahasti and
Machilipatnam. The colors to shade these paintings are extracted from
the vegetable dyes. Besides mythological themes, the paintings also
showcase various forms of lotus flower, the cartwheel, parrots and
delicate designs of leaves and flowers.