Jamnagar is an industrial city located in the state of Gujarat. It was founded by Jam Raval in 1540 AD, who chose it to be the capital of his kingdom. The initial name of the city, located on the confluence of the two rivers Nagmati and Rangmati, was Nawanagar. Most of the construction in the city was done by Maharaja Kumar Shri Ranjitsinhji in 1920s. The famous cricketer Jam Ranjitsinhji also belonged to the royal family and was the Prince of the region.
When he acquired the throne, he contributed immensely to the growth and
development of Jamnagar. He employed European town planning techniques
to restructure the new parts of the city. He was advised by Sir Edward
Lutynes, architect of New Delhi. Jamnagar was transformed using urban
design elements. Structures like axial roads, arcades, markets, entrance
gates, clock towers; town square, parks, gardens and residential plots
were added to the ancient city.
Apart from this, the city is also dotted by many religious shrines.
This has made it an important spiritual center. For this matter of fact,
Jamnagar is also known as 'Chhoti Kashi'. Besides, the city is a hub of
big industrial houses. India's largest private company, Reliance
Industries has established one of the world's largest refineries at Moti
Khadvi village. Essar Oil, another big refinery of the country, also
comes from Jamnagar.