Gujarat boasts of a rich flora and fauna. It has varied landforms, ranging from dry deciduous forests to majestic grasslands, wetlands, marine ecosystems and rich moist deciduous forests. This has made the state suitable as the habitat of rare wildlife species. Asiatic Lion, Wild Ass, Black Buck, Four-horned Antelope and Great Indian Bustard are some of the rare species preserved by the various wildlife sanctuaries in Gujarat. These rare animals constitute the wildlife heritage of India. Therefore, the national parks in Gujarat are trying their best to save these creatures from the threat of extinction.
Black Buck National Park is situated at Velavadar, at a distance of 72
km from Bhavnagar airport of Gujarat. It was established in the year
1976 in the Bhal region of Saurashtra and spreads over an area of 34.08
sq. km and has appropriate grasslands ecosystem.
Gir National Park
Gir National Park has a sprawling area of 1412 sq. km. It was
established in the year 1965 and is located about 65 km to the
south-east of the Junagadh city of Gujarat. The forest area of Gir was
initially protected by the Nawab of the princely state of Junagadh.
Marine National Park is the first marine park of India. It is situated
in the Gulf of Kutch, which falls under the Junagadh District of
Gujarat. It was established in the year 1982 and covers an area of
162.89 sq. km. There is an archipelago of 42 islands in the Gulf of
Kutch which comes under the protected area.
Wild Ass Sanctuary
Wild Ass Sanctuary is situated in the Rann of Kutch area of Gujarat. It
was established in the year 1972 and falls under the Wildlife Protection
Act of 1973. The sanctuary is also known as the Indian Wild Ass
Sanctuary and covers an area of 4953 sq. km.