Mumtaz Mahal was the inspiration behind the construction of one of the most beautiful symbols of love, the Taj Mahal. She was born Arjumand Bano Begum in April 1593 in Agra. She was essentially a Persian and a devout Muslim. Shah Jahan fell in love with her at the first sight and he was hell bent on marrying her. After capturing the throne, Shah Jahan became the fifth Mughal emperor and immediately married her. Though a biography of Mumtaz Mahal does not quite exist, we try to provide some elements of Mumtaj Mahal life history.
It is said that her beauty was unparalleled. She had smooth and
flawless milky white skin and was the object of poetry for many poets in
the court of Shah Jahan. She proved to be a loving and caring wife to
her husband. Though she was the second wife, she was his favorite. She
accompanied him on his hunting expeditions and took part in all court
proceedings, providing him with sound advice and encouraging him to
perform acts of charity and compassion.
Together, they had fourteen children. They had lived together for 18
years. While accompanying him on one of his war expeditions, she died
during childbirth. She extracted a promise from him that he would build
something so exquisite in her memory that would be admired for all the
times to come. He was devastated when Mumtaz Mahal died and went into
seclusion and mourning for almost 2 years. It is said that when Shah
Jahan finally emerged from mourning, his hair had become white. Such was
the love of Mumtaz Mahal that inspired Shah Jahan to construct the most
beautiful tombs of all.