Rajasthan tribals constitute around twelve percent of the total population of the state. The tribes of Rajasthan, India constitutes of mainly Bhils and the Minas. Infact, they were the original inhabitants of the area where Rajasthan stands now. Apart from these main tribes, there are also a number of smaller tribes in Rajasthan. However all Rajasthan tribes share certain common traits, the variations being in their costumes, jewelry, fair and festivals, etc
Here are the main tribes and nomads of Rajasthan:
Around 39% of Rajasthan tribals comprises of the Bhils. Dominating in
the Banswara area of Rajasthan, the Bhils are believed to be fine
archers. Infact, Bhil bowmen even found a reference in the great epics
Mahabarata and Ramayan. The Bhils were originally food gatherers.
However, with the passage of time, they have taken up small-scale
agriculture, city residence and employment. The major festivals of Bhils
are the Baneshwar fair (held near Dungarpur) and Holi.
The second largest tribal group of Rajasthan is that of the Minas. The
original inhabitants of the Indus Valley civilization, Minas have a
tall, athletic build with sharp features, large eyes, thick lips and a
light brown complexion. They are found dominating the regions of
Shekhawati and eastern Rajasthan. Minas solemnize marriage in the
younger years of the children.
Gadiya Lohars are wandering blacksmiths that are named after their
attractive bullock carts called gadis. Initially a martial Rajput tribe,
they left their homeland when Emperor Akbar ousted Maharana Pratap from
Garasias is a small Rajput tribe inhabiting Abu Road area of southern
Sahariyas, the jungle dwellers, is considered as the most backward
tribe in Rajasthan. Believed to be of Bhil origin, they inhabit the
areas of Kota, Dungarpur and Sawai Madhopur in the southeast of
Rajasthan. Their main occupations include working as shifting
cultivators, hunters and fishermen.
Belonging to the Dungarpur and Udaipur districts, Damors are mainly
cultivators and manual laborers.
Rajasthan tribes include the following also: