Gujarat boasts of a rich culture and heritage. The people of Gujarat are commonly referred as Gujaratis and the main language spoken by them is Gujarati. Gujarat is a flourishing state in all spheres and as a result, numerous people from different parts of India have settled here for various reasons like trade, education, etc. Though, with changing times the state has prospered and is on the path of development, its people are strongly bound by their ancient value system.
Gujarat still has a number of tribes like Jats, Harijans, Ahirs,
Rabaris, etc. Where the Jats are believed to be herdsmen of Sindh, Ahirs
are said to be the descendants of Lord Krishna. Meghwal people were
named as the Harijans by Mahatma Gandhi. Originally from Marwar,
Harijans are known for their exclusive handiworks. Unlike other tribal
people of Gujarat, the Rabaris are nomads and have their own unique
lifestyle. The women amongst all the tribes are essentially homemakers,
who spend their time taking care of their children and house.
Whatever their origin, these tribes are an inseparable part of Gujarat.
Both the Harijans and the Rabaris are known for their dexterity at
making beautiful handicrafts and contribute their best to the Indian art
and craft galore. The Hindus form the major part of state's population,
followed by other religions. Infact, there are many castes lines - Koli,
Kanbi, Brahmin, Vaishnava, Suthar, Luhar, Kadiya, Kumbhar, Rajput,
Vaniya, Anavil and Lohana, which originate from the Hindu religion.
In Gujarat, women are given equal importance in the families. They are
efficient and meticulous in their household work. Their usual attire is
Sari, teamed with light gold jewelry and sindoor (vermillion). Being
influenced by Gandhiji, Gujaratis do not prefer non vegetarian diet and
alcohol. People also devote a considerable time towards religious
practices. In concise terms, the people of Gujarat are lively and
vivacious, who live in perfect harmony, while respecting each other's
religious sentiments and feelings.