Acclaimed as one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus, Ujjain nestles on the embankment of the Shipra River in Madhya Pradesh. Imbued with mythological associations, the place boasts of a glorious past. Known as Shiva's land, it proudly brackets together its name with legendary figures like Kalidasa, Vikramaditya, Ashoka, Varahamihira, Brahmagupta and the like. This historical city stands dotted with numerous temples that form the major chunk of its tourist attractions. Get a glimpse of the places of tourist interest that should be seen on a tour of the city.
Bhartrihari caves of Madhya Pradesh stand proudly on the bank of the
Shipra River, near the revered Gadkalika Temple of Ujjain. Named after
the famous sage 'Bhatrihari', the caves stand as testimony to the
traditional wealth of India.
This famous Shiva temple is consecrated as one of the twelve
'jyotirlingas' in India. With its magnificent 'shikhara' and highly
stylized facades, it evokes strong spiritual sentiments and is a place
of arcane awe and reverence among the people. Unlike usual 'lingams',
which are ritually established and bestowed with Divine powers with the
help of 'mantras' and 'shlokas', the 'shivalingam' of this temple is
believed to be 'swayambhu' (born of itself). The temple is divided into
five levels and houses sculptured idols of various Hindu deities, along
Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir
One of the most revered historical landmarks of Ujjain, this temple is
dedicated to the Hindu deity of Wisdom and Prosperity, 'Ganesha' and is
situated near the reservoir of the Mahakaleshwar temple. It enshrines a
large ornate idol of the God, which is believed to be one of His largest
sculptured images. The place also harbors the only 'panchmukhi'
(five-faced) statue of Lord 'Hanuman' inside it. Today, the temple is
also a popular training center for imparting education on astrology and
the Sanskrit language.
Built by the Sultans of Mandu, in 1458 AD, this palace majestically
stands on an island in the Shipra River, 8 km from the main city center.
The monument was built over an ancient Sun Temple, in the Persian
architectural style. One can still notice various carvings from the Sun
temple on the bridge of the island. Though, most part of the palace was
brought down to ruins due to the ravages of time, it was later
refurbished by Maharaja Madhav Rao Scindia I in 1920. This floating
paradise, with its tranquil backdrop, forms a major tourist attraction
Observatory (Veda Shala)
Ujjain enjoyed a place of prominence in the field of astronomy in
Ancient India. One of the existing examples of the astronomical
advancement of the city, during those times, is explicit in the form of
the 'Veda Shala'. It was built by the Rajput King, Jai Singh II and is
one of the many observatories of India. The place houses ancient
astronomical devices that make it a fascinating storehouse of antique
relics. This observatory is still in use and is also a major site of
various astronomical studies and research.
An ancient shrine of Ujjain and one of the most famous 'Shaktipeeths'
all over India, this temple enshrines a vermilion colored idol of
Goddess 'Annapurna', placed between the images of Goddess Laxmi and
Goddess Saraswati. According to mythology, this is the place where
Goddess Sati's elbow fell while Shiva carried away her burning body from
the sacrificial fire. The place today is a famous religious shrine of
the Hindus. Apart from its cosmic manifestations, the place also
exhibits the finery of Maratha artistry in its architectural style.
Situated about 2 miles from Ujjain, Gadkalika temple is located near
the Bhartrihari Caves. This ancient temple is dedicated to the Hindu
Goddess Kaali. It is believed that the poet Kalidasa worshipped the
image of Kaali present in this shrine. The temple was renovated by the
Indian emperor Harshavardhana, in the 7 AD, and later by the Parmers. In
modern times, the temple has undergone some amount of refurbishing,
under the erstwhile Gwalior state.