Dibrugarh is a major gateway of Upper Assam and is an important commercial centre of the state. It serves as the headquarters of the Dibrugarh district, Assam and is very often referred to as the 'Tea City of India', as it accounts for a major share of the total tea production of the country. The city derives its name from Dibarumukh, which means from the 'mouth (mukh) of the river Dibaru or Dibru'. Dibrugarh was a very famous encampment of the Ahom Dynasty during the Ahom Chutia war. After the war ended, it became the headquarters of the Lakhimpur district of Assam. Later on, in 1971, the sub- division separated from Lakhimpur and became an independent district, with its headquarters in Dibrugarh town itself.
Dibrugarh is situated on the banks of the vast river Brahmaputra and is bounded on the north by Dhemaji district, on the east by Tinsukia district, on the southeast by Arunachal Pradesh and on the north and southwest by Sibsagar district. The city is mainly formed by the Brahmaputra and its major tributary, the Burhi Dihing, and has an altitude ranging between 99 and 474 meters. The entire region can be divided into three zones - the active floodplains and charland, the middle plains and the southern foothills. The foothills consist of isolated hills, which are composed mainly of lateritic soils. This is particularly suitable for the cultivation of tea and hence, the entire area can be seen dotted by tea gardens and dense forests.
A major event in the history of the region was the vicious earthquake in 1950, which claimed the lives of thousands of people in the city. The earthquake measured an overwhelming 8.5 on the Richter scale and changed the entire course of the river Brahmaputra, leading to the destruction of a major portion of the city. Although the city was rebuilt after the devastating earthquake, its impressions can still be seen in certain areas of the city. With such an exquisite landscape, the city has much to offer in terms of attractions or tourists spots for travelers and nature lovers.
The major places to visit in and around Brahmaputra are Koli Aai Thaan, Barbarua Maidam, Bogibil Bridge, Dibru Saikhowa Park and the Sarumechow-Bormechow Maidam. Apart from this, there are a number of Satras around the region, depicting a strong influence of the Vaishnav culture and customs. Modern Dibrugarh has progressed rapidly economically and also educationally. It is often regarded as the education hub of Upper Assam. Dibrugarh University and a number of other such reputed institutions have been established in the city, with the idea of promoting better and enhanced education to the masses.
Dibrugarh is a very important tourist destination of Assam. It is also the commercial hub of the state. In addition to the numerous attractions found within Dibrugarh, there are a number of tourist places at a short distance from the city, a visit to which will definitely add to the traveler's experience. In fact, a trip to Dibrugarh without visiting these nearby exotic destinations, also known as excursions, is almost futile.
How to Reach Dibrugarh
The city of Dibrugarh is well connected with the other regions of Assam as well as with the rest of India by well maintained airways, railways and roadways. The city is, in fact, regarded as the major gateway of Upper Assam and as such the airport, the rail station and the bus stand remain crowded all throughout the year. Moreover, you don’t need a permit of any kind to reach there.
Shopping in Dibrugarh
Dibrugarh city is one of the popular tourist destinations in Assam, India. The people who come to visit the city definitely like to take back something, as souvenirs, for themselves as well as their near and dear ones. And it is a surety that the city of Dibrugarh will never disappoint them in this respect.
Dibrugarh Tourists Attractions
Holding the distinction of the largest tea exporting town in India, Dibrugarh is visited by a large number of tourists throughout the year. Apart from being famous as the 'Tea City of India', it is also known for housing a large number of tourist attractions within its vicinity, which often leave the tourists asking for more.
Dibrugarh is located at 27.48°N and 94.9°E and has an average elevation of 94 metres. Because of its unique physiographic location, the city enjoys a subtropical monsoon type of climate. Summers are usually warm and humid, whereas the winters are moderate. The average annual rainfall is around 276 cm up north, while it is 163 cm in the southern areas.