An awe-inspiring edifice, the Aguada fort stands tall among the Portuguese-era forts scattered across Goa. Strategically located at the estuary of the river Mandovi, the Aguada fort is the largest among the lot. Aguada in Portuguese translates to 'water' and the fort has been called so for the spring within the ramparts that provided water supply to the ships that called here arriving after the long sea voyage from Lisbon.
The Portuguese erected this massive bastion in 1609-12 to ward off
attacks from the marauding armies of the Dutch and the Marathas. Apart
from the strategic location, an assembly of two hundred cannons and the
thick fortifications made the Aguada fort a veritable bulwark against
enemy attacks. The fort made an enviable record of being the only fort
that was not conquered by any invaders during the 450 year long rule of
the Portuguese empire.
Located within the precincts of the Aguada fort is a four-storey
lighthouse, erected in 1864 and arguably the oldest of its kind in Asia.
The Aguada fort is in a good state of preservation and one can still
witness remnants of the original structures. Nowadays the fort functions
as a prison and it happens to be the largest prison in Goa.
How to Reach Fort Aguada Goa
Being a prominent tourist spot, most of the tourist operators offer
conducted tours to Aguada fort. You can also hire taxis on your own.