The Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park is a unique marine biosphere reserve, located in the Tuticorin and Ramanathapuram districts of Tamilnadu. Rich in marine life, the Gulf of Mannar is spread over an area of about 10,500-sq-kms with 21 islands and continuous stretches of coral reef.
Flora and Fauna at the Marine National Park
Full of marine life like coral reefs, Turtles, Dugong and
Balano-Glossus, the Gulf of Mannar is the first Marine Biosphere Reserve
in South East Asia. If you are a lover of Sea life then the Gulf of
Mannar Marine National park is the place for you! The unique marine eco
system of the Gulf of Mannar is one of the richest for biodiversity
resources. It is well evident from the fact that more than 3, 600
species of plant and animal life have been registered at the reserve.
Dolphins, one of the most amazing sea animals, are great attraction for
the tourists. The coral reef, flora and fauna are present in their
virgin form here in the biosphere reserve. The geographical location of
the National Park makes the coral reefs highly productive and the Coral
reefs are therefore referred to as "Underwater Tropical Rain
Many islands including the Kurasadai Islands, off Mandapam, boast of a
vast expanse of shallow Seawater. Another interesting facet of the
marine National Park is that over 138 villages and towns spread over
five districts of the region depend largely on the fishery resources of
the Gulf of Mannar. More than 50 along the coastline bordering the Gulf
of Mannar depend directly on the biodiversity resources of the Gulf of
Mannar biosphere reserve for their livelihood.
How to Reach the Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
The nearest airport is at Madurai (150-km).
The nearest railway stations are the Mandapam railway station and the
railway station at Tuticorin.