The city of Bidar rose to prominence when it became the Bahmani capital during the reign of Ahmad Shah Bahman (1423-1436 A.D) in 1429. Ahmed Shah was awestruck by the scenic beauty and climate of the place and he decided to build a new city near its ancient fortress and called it Ahmadabad-Bidar. Ahmad Shah also laid the foundations of the Bidar fort.
When the Bahmani dynasty eventually collapsed in 1538, the sultanate
broke up into five independent sultanates, known as the Deccan
sultanates. Bidar became a part of the Barid Shahi dynasty. In 1543 Ali
Barid assumed royal appellation of Shah. The Bidar Sultanate was
absorbed by the Bijapur Sultanate to the west in 1619, which was in turn
conquered by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in 1686.
From 1724 to 1948, Bidar remained a territory of the Nizam of
Hyderabad's dominions. It became a part of the erstwhile Hyderabad
state, when Hyderabad was annexed to India. In 1956, Hyderabad was
partitioned along linguistic lines and Bidar district became part of
Mysore state, later renamed Karnataka. Travel to Bidar and soak in the
history of this ancient capital. Over the years Bidar tourism has
increased by leaps and bounds.