From being a Hindu city to becoming the capital of one of the great Muslim kingdoms to dominate the Deccan, the city of Gulbarga is steeped in rich history. Gulbarga is a unique confluence of Hindu and Muslim cultures and contains some of the earliest examples of Islamic architecture in Karnataka. Gulbarga tourism has capitalized on these historic monuments.
Gulbarga derives its name from the word Kaliburgi which stands for
stony land in Kannada. The Chalukyas of Badami and the Hoysalas of
Dwarasamudra were the major Hindu dynasties to have ruled Gulbarga. The
first Muslim kingdom came up with establishment of the Bahmani Sultanate
in 1347 by Hassan Gangu, who chose Gulbarga to be his capital.
When the Bahmani dynasty eventually collapsed, the kingdom broke up
into the five independent Deccan sultanates, Bijapur, Bidar, Berar,
Ahmednagar and Golconda. The present Gulbarga district came partly under
Bidar and partly under Bijapur. In 1956 when the state of Hyderabad was
partitioned among neighboring states along linguistic lines, most of
Gulbarga district became part of Mysore state, later renamed Karnataka,
excluding two taluks which were annexed to Andhra Pradesh.