Frankly speaking, Agra is the city of Taj and that is what the most important and beautiful construction in the city. Having said that, there are other beautiful buildings as well in Agra. These buildings have been constructed in different eras and have subtle blend of different architectural schools. These palaces, forts and tombs are worth visiting for both researchers as well as casual visitors. Some of them are as follows.
The fort's colossal double walls rise 20 meters in height and measure
2.5 kilometers in circumference. Typical of forts of Mogul era, Agra
Fort is surrounded by a moat. The fort looks intimidating because of its
lofty battlements that overlook the far stretching mansions of nobles
and princes built along the riverfront. Another important and very
significant structure is the dominating gateway that is surrounded by
the magnificent towers, bastions and ramparts. The fort contains some of
the most magnificent and subtle palaces both in red sandstone and white
marble that has been built by two generations of prolific builders;
Akbar and later on by Jahangir and Shah Jahan.
Itmad-ud-daula has a special place in the chronicles of both history as
well as architecture. This is precisely because Itmad ud Daula is the
very first tomb in India that is entirely made out of Marble. This is
actually a mausoleum that overlooks the River Yamuna and is a tomb of
Mir Ghiyas Beg, a minister in the court of Shah Jahan.
Chini ka Rauza
Chini-ka-Rauza is considered a milestone in Indo-Persian architecture,
as it is the very first building in India that has been exclusively
decorated by the glazed tile works. The decoration is prominent on façade
and exteriors. Chini-ka-Rauza is actually a small mausoleum that
overlooks the River Yamuna. The tomb is a fine architectural example of
pure and undiluted Persian architecture
350 years ago, when the Taj was built on the Yamuna's south bank, a
moonlight garden called Mehtab Bagh was also laid just across the river.
It was laid alongside the northern waterfront. The place was once an
oasis with fragrant flowers, shaded pavilions, fountain jets and
reflecting pools but it ceased to exist in the due course of history.
Slowly, the site became barren.