Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is one of the busiest as well as the oldest railway stations in India. Situated at the D.N. Road of Mumbai, the terminus was earlier known by the name of Victoria Terminus. It is one of the historic structures in the city and forms a very important part of Mumbai suburban railway. Along with that, Chhattrapati Shivaji Terminus is also the headquarters of the Central Railways of the country. Apart from local trains, a number of long distance trains also operate to and from this terminus.
Victoria Terminus holds the distinction of being declared a World
Heritage Site by the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO, in the year
2004. The terminus has been built as per the Venetian Gothic style of
architecture and dates back to the year 1888. Its architectural style
also reflects the influence of traditional Indian architecture. One can
find the interiors of the terminus adorned with wood carving, tiles,
ornamental iron and brass railings, etc. There are also grills for the
ticket offices and railing for the grand staircases.
All the embellishments mentioned above were the work of the students at
the Bombay School of Art. Frederick William Stevens, a consulting
architect, designed the entire structure of the Chhatrapati Shivaji
Terminus, for which he charged an astronomical fee of 16.14 lakh rupees.
The construction work on the terminus took 10 years to get fully
completed. It was then named as 'Victoria Terminus', in the honor of
Queen Victoria. It was only in the year 1996 that the name of the
terminus was changed to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, after Shivaji - a
The huge central dome, soaring towers, pointed arches and
unconventional floor makes the terminus a must-visit destination on a
tour of Mumbai. Infact, its architecture bears a distinct similarity to
the traditional Indian palace architecture. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
is also a very important part of the history of the Indian Railways. It
was this terminus only that saw the first steam engine being flagged off
in the country. The engine made a journey from Mumbai to Thane and
served as a significant landmark of the past.