Azamgarh is an important town of Eastern Uttar Pradesh. The town has been home to Azamgarh Nationalist Movement initiated by Maulana Shibli Nomani. Maulana Shibli Nomani was a famous theologian and philosopher.
One Azam Khan, a very powerful landlord during the reign of Shah Jahan,
in the year 1665, established Azamgarh. The city gets mentioned in
various government gazettes of that era too. The city rose to prominence
during the freedom movement when Shibli National College was founded.
Established in the year 1883 by Maulana Shibli Nomani, Shibli College
soon went on to become a major center of Nationalist movement. The
college became the center of activity for names such as Shaukat Ali,
Maulana Sulaiman Nadwi, Maulana Rabey Hasan Nadwi, Hasrat Mohani, Masood
Ali and Moti Lal Nehru.
The city is also famous as the place where some of the most famous
books on Islam have been composed. The foremost among these is the 7
volumes compilation of the Biography of Prophet Muhammad named
'Seerat-ul-Nabi' by Maulana Sulaiman Nadwi. Apart from that, famous
books on Islam such as 'Seerat-ul-Sahaba', 'Thareekh-e- Islam' and' Taba
Tabaeen' were also composed in this city. A village called Shah Dewait
near the town has a reputation of producing some of the famous Urdu
Poets and compilers in Uttar Pradesh. The city is also home to Kaifi
Azami, one of the most famous poet and Leftist intellectual in the