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This page on Rajasthan geography covers location and geography of Rajasthan, India.

Rajasthan Geography

The largest state in India (by area), Rajasthan's geography is quite varied. It is a region of lofty rocks, rolling sand dunes, of burning heat and freezing cold, of fertile plains and deep wild glens and jungles. Rajasthan is spread over 343,000 sq km. Running across the state from Mt. Abu (in the southwest) to Khetri (in the northeast) is the Aravali Range, the oldest folded range in the world. This leads to an uneven division of the state, 60% in the northwest and 40% in the southeast.

As we move from northwest towards the east, the sandy, unproductive and parched tract improves gradually to comparatively fertile and habitable. The northeast area emerged from the desert itself. The southeast area is more fertile, and has a quite diversified topography. It has hills, woodlands, a number of large rivers, fertile tablelands and so on. The southwestern Rajasthan consists of an arid high plateau, broken by hills and cliffs.

The main source of water for the fields in Rajasthan, are the irrigation dams or deep wells. There is also some forest area in Rajasthan comprising of the forests of Alwar, Bharatpur and Sawai- Madhopur. In these forests, you can find blue bull, tiger, wild boar, panther, deer and so on. Rich alluvial soil makes up the level and flat plains in this area. The major cultivation in Rajasthan consists of wheat, maize, paddy and sugarcane in Kota and Bundi, in the Chittorgarh and Bhilwara districts.